The perfume notes are created and crafted carefully by using the specific knowledge of the evaporation process of the perfume oils.
Top notes or Headnotes
The Top notes or Head notes are those scents that are perceived immediately on application of a perfume. The top notes consist of ingredients that evaporate quickly.
The Head notes are super important in the perfumery business since they form a person’s initial impression of a perfume. For this reason, they are essential for the selling of perfume.
Examples of famous top notes include lemon, orange, bergamot and lavender. Mint, Basil rose mint and coriander are also commonly used as top notes.
Middle notes or Heart notes
Middle notes provide the scent of a fragrance that emerges just before the dissipation of the top notes. The middle note compounds form the main body, known as the “heart”.
For this reason, Middle notes are also known as Heart notes in perfumes.
Technically the heat notes mask the unpleasant initial impression of base notes. The latter usually becomes more pleasant with time. Examples of frequently used middle notes in perfumery include rich, aromatic floral oils like sandalwood, geranium, neroli and ylang-ylang, jasmine, black pepper, cinnamon, pepper, pine, cardamom and lemongrass.
The base note represents the final scent of a perfume that appears close to the departure of the middle notes. The base and middle notes play a vital role in every perfume because they form its theme.
Base notes bring solidity and depth to each perfume. Compounds of this class of scents usually are rich and deep.
These compounds develop pretty some time after perfume’s application. Typical base notes include moss, tobacco, vanilla, amber, musk, patchouli and woody notes like cedarwood.
As you can imagine, the scents in base notes are influenced by both top and middle notes. Conversely, the fragrance materials used as base notes will affect the aroma of the middle notes and top notes’ scents.
This carefully selected blend of ingredients forms the perfume accord, the primary character of a fragrance. Perfume makers carefully choose notes to ensure a fragrance smells pleasant and evokes a specific experience. The fragrance notes are classified in a pyramidal structure known as the fragrance pyramid.